JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. The JRC carries out extensive work to improve the scientific evidence base for risk assessment in Europe and worldwide, not only in hazard characterisation, but also in vulnerability and exposure assessment and development of guidelines and standards for risk data.

    Science Areas: Environment and climate change, Safety and Security
    Keywords: hazard, crisis, risk assessment
  2. The JRC supports efforts to reduce the human casualties and economic and societal impacts of earthquakes and tsunamis. Studies are done on methodologies to increase the safety of buildings, namely with the creation of European standards for construction, while a tsunami modelling system allows the estimation of tsunami wave height and travel time.

    Science Areas: Environment and climate change, Safety and Security
    Keywords: hazard, earthquake
  3. The Global Health Security Initiative is an international partnership of the G7 countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States), Mexico, the European Commission and the World Health Organisation (WHO) to strengthen health preparedness and the global response to threats of CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear) substances and pandemic influenza.

    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: safety, security, health
  4. Global safety and security research at the JRC provides support to EU policies addressing global security and crisis management. It includes initiatives like the Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Risk Mitigation Centres of Excellence (CBRN CoE) and the EU Aid Explorer tool, and support to the Global Health Security Initiative and to the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme.

    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: safety, security
  5. Research for improving safety in construction is carried out at the JRC's European Laboratory for Structural Assessment (ELSA).

    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: accident, safety, building
  6. The JRC develops tools for automatic analysis of open sources from the internet in order to support users in their need to monitor information, detect threats, follow trends and analyse impact.

    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: surveillance, ICT
  7. The JRC supports the European Commission in its effort to improve maritime safety and security by developing systems to improve maritime surveillance capabilities and to collect information about maritime accidents.

    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: transport, sea, safety
  8. The JRC helps to strengthen the EU capabilities in maritime surveillance, by contributing to the development of the European Border Surveillance System (EUROSUR) and the establishment of the Common Information Sharing Environment for the EU maritime domain (CISE) and by investigating maritime surveillance solutions e.g. in the fight against piracy off Africa.

    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: surveillance, sea
  9. JRC's research on route-based risk analysis can support customs authorities in screening maritime container movements to detect potentially suspicious shipments, to better target costly physical inspections or to help investigations with intelligence on container trips.

    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: antifraud, transport, sea
  10. The JRC has a strong expertise on nuclear accident modelling, hence it created in 2012 the Nuclear Reactor Accident Analysis and Modelling (NURAM) team to reinforce research and collaboration in the field of Severe Accidents for Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs).

    Science Areas: Nuclear safety and security, Safety and Security
    Keywords: nuclear, safety, accident