JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. The JRC, together with the European Railways Agency (ERA), has developed the European Railway Accident Information Links (ERAIL) system, where all railway accident reports and the biannual safety performance indicators of the Member States are recorded, according to Directive 2004/49/EC.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: transport, safety, accident
  2. Fuel quality is an important energy issue for industry as well as for citizens. When using fuels in car engines or domestic heating, systems consumers need to be sure that the fuel does not cause any malfunction or damage to their equipment. Similarly, consumers are increasingly aware also of the environmental impact of their fuel consumption. The JRC provides certified reference materials for fuel analysis for a wide range of parameters relevant for the quality and environmental impact of fuels, be it conventional fossil fuels or biofuels.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Standards
    Keywords: transport, reference material, fuel
  3. SESAMONET is a secure and safe mobility network developed (patent pending) by the JRC to improve and increase the mobility of visually impaired people.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Information Society, Safety and Security
    Keywords: ICT, safety
  4. Today in the world millions of shipping containers constantly travel and cross national borders. Cargo containers are considered as a weak link in the supply chain as they can be potentially exploited to defraud customs, introduce illicit cargo and breach security protocols.. Within this context, a number of national and international programmes .and agreements have been drafted to limit the potential for miss-use of intermodal containers.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: transport, safety, security, antifraud
  5. The European Commission is working towards forms of mobility that are sustainable, energy-efficient and respectful for the environment. Technical innovation such as electric vehicles, intelligent transport systems and smart grids, will contribute to achieving this goal. Alternative fuels like biofuels and non-polluting energy sources, notably hydrogen, are also pathways towards a more sustainable mobility.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: transport, low-carbon
  6. The JRC is supporting the EU transport safety policy in all transport modes: road, aviation, maritime and rail. Research activities include the development and management of accidents and incidents reporting systems for the aviation, maritime and railways domains, assuring the security and trustworthiness of the digital tachograph, developing innovative radar systems for maritime surveillance and safety and innovative solutions to enhance the security of containers.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: transport, safety
  7. Transport plays an important role in today's economy and society and has a large impact on growth and employment. The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of gross domestic product (GDP). Effective transport systems are fundamental for the European companies' ability to compete in the world economy. Logistics, such as transport and storage, account for 10–15% of the cost of a finished product for European companies.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: transport, industry