JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. The JRC looks into interoperability issues between the electric vehicles and the charging infrastructure, covering hardware and information exchange protocols. Research on e-mobility refers to clean and efficient transport, using electric vehicles, powered either by batteries or by hydrogen fuel cells.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: transport, electromobility
  2. The JRC supports the European Commission in its effort to improve maritime safety and security by developing systems to improve maritime surveillance capabilities and to collect information about maritime accidents.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: transport, sea, safety
  3. JRC research on nuclear energy aims to achieve a viable and diverse energy mix, limit CO2 emissions, maintain security of energy supply and energy independence, and promote economic development and employment. Nuclear power contributes more than 25% to the current electricity generation. A significant number of EU Member States rely on nuclear power in their national energy mix, as part of a long-term strategic energy infrastructure.

     

     

     


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: nuclear, energy
  4. Photovoltaic electricity is the renewable energy technology with the largest scope for cost reduction and efficiency gains. It is expected to make a significant contribution to achieving EU's goals for a low carbon energy system. JRC activities include:

    European Solar Test Installation

    As a European reference laboratory, ESTI validates electrical performance and lifetime of PV devices based on emerging technologies.

    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Standards
    Keywords: solar, photovoltaics, renewable, energy
  5. Public participation in radioactive waste management (RWM) constitutes the first project of the Energy - Transparency Centre of Knowledge (E-TRACK). Given the legally binding requirements for transparency of the Council Directive 2011/70/EURATOM on spent fuel and radioactive waste, the European Commission considers it useful to provide steady and continuous support in the very near future.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Nuclear safety and security
    Keywords: energy, citizen, nuclear, waste
  6. The JRC, together with the European Railways Agency (ERA), has developed the European Railway Accident Information Links (ERAIL) system, where all railway accident reports and the biannual safety performance indicators of the Member States are recorded, according to Directive 2004/49/EC.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: transport, safety, accident
  7. Fuel quality is an important energy issue for industry as well as for citizens. When using fuels in car engines or domestic heating, systems consumers need to be sure that the fuel does not cause any malfunction or damage to their equipment. Similarly, consumers are increasingly aware also of the environmental impact of their fuel consumption. The JRC provides certified reference materials for fuel analysis for a wide range of parameters relevant for the quality and environmental impact of fuels, be it conventional fossil fuels or biofuels.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Standards
    Keywords: transport, reference material, fuel
  8. Renewable energy sources also play a key role in the transition towards a low carbon economy. In 2020, at least 20% of the EU’s overall energy consumption should come from renewable sources. The JRC collects, harmonises and disseminates EU-wide data on renewable energy resources, such as solar and bioenergy and biofuels.

     

     


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, renewable
  9. The JRC has been successfully involved in the design and implementation of the digital tachograph, which became mandatory in 2006 on all newly registered commercial trucks and buses across the EU.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: transport, safety
  10. SESAMONET is a secure and safe mobility network developed (patent pending) by the JRC to improve and increase the mobility of visually impaired people.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Information Society, Safety and Security
    Keywords: ICT, safety