EU Science Hub

Research Topics

Aviation security refers to the prevention of acts of unlawful interference against civil aviation, such as seizure of an aircraft or placing a hazardous device onboard an aircraft. The JRC contributes to aviation security by providing scientific and technical support and advice to policy makers on aspects of measurements, testing and standardisation.

Science Areas:

The JRC establishes best environmental management practices (BEMPs) of organisations in order to produce Sectoral Reference Documents (SRDs) which are then used by industry and organisations and helps the implementation of the EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS).

The JRC aims to provide independent scientific advice related to the production and use of biofuels.

The JRC’s scientific activities on bioenergy and biofuels span from a vast array of analyses in different areas to the testing of the biofuels sustainability. It includes topics such as greenhouse gas (GHG) emission savings, direct and indirect effects of land-use change, the overall availability of other primary energy sources or the most suitable and efficient production and transformation technologies. 

Science Areas:

Developing and running software tools and methods able to organise, store, retrieve and analyse large volumes of biological data is what bioinformatics is all about.

While the share of renewable power generation is increasing, fossil fuels are expected to continue playing an important role in Europe in the short and medium term. CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion in power generation contribute to approximately 30% at EU level. Moreover, process industries like cement, iron and steel, aluminium, pulp and paper, and refineries, have inherent CO2 emissions resulting from raw material conversion.

The JRC is one of the major developers and producers of reference materials, which are produced in support of EU policy, for example in the areas of nanotechnology and clinical analysis

Science Areas:

In the fields of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) hazards, and explosives detection, the JRC provides scientific/technical support to Commission services on measurement and standardisation, based on specific expertise in measurement and testing - in chemistry, physics, analytical sciences, measurement technologies and standardisation.

Science Areas:

The JRC investigates how emerging technologies and digital trends affect the user’s safety and security in order to help forecast and tackle potential misuse of citizens’ digital information.

Science Areas:

The European Clearinghouse initiative on Nuclear Power Plants Operational Experience Feedback (“EU Clearinghouse”) has been set up in support of EU nuclear safety authorities, EU technical support organisations, international organisations and the broader nuclear community. Its purpose is to enhance nuclear safety through the lessons learned from operational experience.

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