JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. Aviation security refers to the prevention of acts of unlawful interference against civil aviation, such as seizure of an aircraft or placing a hazardous device onboard an aircraft. The JRC contributes to aviation security by providing scientific and technical support and advice to policy makers on aspects of measurements, testing and standardisation.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: air, security, transport
  2. In the policy area of the information study, behavioural economics studies individuals' interactions with digital technology, or digital behaviour. The term is not new.  It has already been studied by consulting companies seeking to provide an overview of how consumers are using digital consumer goods. From the point of view of the European policy-maker, however, digital behaviour is relevant for different reasons: 


    Science Areas: Information Society
    Keywords: ICT, citizen
  3. The JRC establishes best environmental management practices (BEMPs) of organisations in order to produce Sectoral Reference Documents (SRDs) which are then used by industry and organisations and helps the implementation of the EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS).


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change, Innovation and growth
    Keywords: efficiency, environment, quality
  4. The JRC aims to provide independent scientific advice related to the production and use of biofuels.

    The JRC’s scientific activities on bioenergy and biofuels span from a vast array of analyses in different areas to the testing of the biofuels sustainability. It includes topics such as greenhouse gas (GHG) emission savings, direct and indirect effects of land-use change, the overall availability of other primary energy sources or the most suitable and efficient production and transformation technologies. 


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: transport, renewable
  5. Developing and running software tools and methods able to organise, store, retrieve and analyse large volumes of biological data is what Bioinformatics is all about.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: ICT, genetics
  6. The JRC is one of the major developers and producers of reference materials, which are produced in support of EU policy, for example in the areas of nanotechnology and clinical analysis


    Science Areas: Standards
    Keywords: reference material
  7. In the fields of chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear (CBRN) hazards, and explosives detection, the JRC provides scientific/technical support to Commission services on measurement and standardisation, based on specific expertise in measurement and testing - in chemistry, physics, analytical sciences, measurement technologies and standardisation.


    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: CBRN
  8. The JRC investigates how emerging technologies and digital trends affect the user’s safety and security in order to help forecast and tackle potential misuse of citizens’ digital information.


    Science Areas: Information Society
    Keywords: ICT, citizen
  9. The European Clearinghouse initiative on Nuclear Power Plants Operational Experience Feedback (“EU Clearinghouse”) has been set up in support of EU nuclear safety authorities, EU technical support organisations, international organisations and the broader nuclear community. Its purpose is to enhance nuclear safety through the lessons learned from operational experience.


    Science Areas: Nuclear safety and security, Safety and Security
    Keywords: nuclear, safety
  10. JRC research in this area supports the EU’s aim of addressing, mitigating, monitoring and adapting to the effects of climate change. This includes assessing and monitoring the impact of climate change, evaluating the increased risk of climate change hazards, and assessing the sustainability of climate policies.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: climate