EU Science Hub

Research Topics

Agricultural land covers almost half of Europe’s territory. Technological development, mechanisation, agro-chemicals and genetic research have led to structural modifications in farming practices and put pressure on the environment, leading to soil depletion, water shortages, pollution, habitat degradation and biodiversity loss.

Agriculture market and international trade research at the JRC includes monitoring markets and developing economic models as tools to support policy and international trade.

Agricultural monitoring research at the JRC involves estimating crop production and supporting the implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)

JRC research in the area of agricultural technological innovation includes anticipation and technological foresight on new technological areas relevant for agriculture, notably in the area of plant and animal breeding.

The scientific relevance, independence and timeliness of JRC crop yield forecast products and data are guaranteed by JRC crop forecasting research.

The JRC’s work in the field of drought and desertification includes the evaluation of land degradation, regionally as well as globally, meteorological drought forecasting and assessment of the water supply throughout Europe.

The JRC carries out policy analysis and develops economic modelling tools in support to the EU's Common Agricultural Policy.

Our seas, oceans and coasts are important resources for the EU. The livelihoods of many citizens depend on the sea – fisheries of course, but also tourism and trade are key sectors of the EU economy.

The JRC’s work on forestry covers a range of research areas, including forest monitoring, harmonisation of forest information and assessment of the sustainable governance of European forests and their ecosystem services.

The JRC conducts research in forensic genetics, genomics and chemistry for fish traceability, and promotes the awareness of these technologies.