We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The JRC has developed and manages the European Coordination Centre for Accident and Incident Reporting Systems, ECCAIRS for the collection and exchange of accident and incident information in the aviation domain.
Aviation security refers to the prevention of acts of unlawful interference against civil aviation, such as seizure of an aircraft or placing a hazardous device onboard an aircraft. The JRC contributes to aviation security by providing scientific and technical support and advice to policy makers on aspects of measurements, testing and standardisation.
The JRC aims to provide independent scientific advice related to the production and use of biofuels.
The JRC’s scientific activities on bioenergy and biofuels span from a vast array of analyses in different areas to the testing of the biofuels sustainability. It includes topics such as greenhouse gas (GHG) emission savings, direct and indirect effects of land-use change, the overall availability of other primary energy sources or the most suitable and efficient production and transformation technologies.
While the share of renewable power generation is increasing, fossil fuels are expected to continue playing an important role in Europe in the short and medium term. CO2 emissions from fossil fuel combustion in power generation contribute to approximately 30% at EU level. Moreover, process industries like cement, iron and steel, aluminium, pulp and paper, and refineries, have inherent CO2 emissions resulting from raw material conversion.
Energy efficiency research at the JRC focuses on technology deployment and market uptake, and encompasses a broad range of activities which includes the European Energy Efficiency Platform, the Covenant of Mayors, the Building Design Competition, and the EU Codes of Conduct for ICT.
The JRC's research in the area of Energy sector economic analysis supports the EU's Sustainable Development Strategy, and includes impact analysis studies and modelling and reference data.
The JRC aims to provide a solid and comprehensive understanding of energy security in support of EU policy, notably in relation to fossil fuels (mainly gas and oil) and power systems.
The EU currently depends on – mostly imported – fossil fuels for 80% of its energy needs, which is problematic in relation to climate change as well as security of energy supply.
There is thus an urgent need for energy technology innovation with high performing, innovative, low carbon and cost-effective technologies so that the energy system of today can transform in order to establish energy sustainability, competitiveness and security by 2020 and beyond.
Innovation is key for energy technologies to reach adequate cost competitiveness and performance characteristics.
The 'Energy - Transparency Centre of Knowledge' (E-TRACK) is a joint initiative agreed between the Directorate General for Energy (DG ENER) and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) for the promotion of public participation in the implementation of energy policies. It results from the recognition of the need to offer a reliable source of information on matters relating to energy policy implementation.
EHRO-N was established in 2011, in the framework of the EURATOM treaty, to determine the situation of nuclear-educated Human Resources, skills and competences in Europe, assess the trends and suggest policy options for improvement.