JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. Energy efficiency research at the JRC focuses on technology deployment and market uptake, and encompasses a broad range of activities which includes the Green Light Programme, the GreenBuildings project, the lighting initiative, the Covenant of Mayors and the Motor Challenge Programme


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, efficiency
  2. The JRC's research in the area of Energy sector economic analysis supports the EU's Sustainable Development Strategy, and includes impact analysis studies and modelling and reference data.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, industry
  3. The JRC aims to provide a solid and comprehensive understanding of energy security in support of EU policy, notably in relation to fossil fuels (mainly gas and oil) and power systems.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, infrastructure
  4. The EU currently depends on – mostly imported – fossil fuels for 80% of its energy needs, which is problematic in relation to climate change as well as security of energy supply. There is thus an urgent need for energy technology innovation with high performing, innovative, low carbon and cost-effective technologies so that the energy system of today can transform in order to establish energy sustainability, competitiveness and security by 2020 and beyond.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, innovation
  5. The 'Energy - Transparency Centre of Knowledge' (E-TRACK) is a joint initiative agreed between the Directorate General for Energy (DG ENER) and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission for the promotion of public participation in the implementation of energy policies. It results from the recognition of the need to offer a reliable source of information on matters relating to energy policy implementation.

     


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, citizen
  6. JRC research on nuclear energy aims to achieve a viable and diverse energy mix, limit CO2 emissions, maintain security of energy supply and energy independence, and promote economic development and employment. Nuclear power contributes more than 25% to the current electricity generation. A significant number of EU Member States rely on nuclear power in their national energy mix, as part of a long-term strategic energy infrastructure.

     

     

     


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: nuclear, energy
  7. Photovoltaic electricity is the renewable energy technology with the largest scope for cost reduction and efficiency gains. It is expected to make a significant contribution to achieving EU's goals for a low carbon energy system. JRC activities include:

    European Solar Test Installation

    As a European reference laboratory, ESTI validates electrical performance and lifetime of PV devices based on emerging technologies.

    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Standards
    Keywords: solar, photovoltaics, renewable, energy
  8. Renewable energy sources also play a key role in the transition towards a low carbon economy. In 2020, at least 20% of the EU’s overall energy consumption should come from renewable sources. The JRC collects, harmonises and disseminates EU-wide data on renewable energy resources, such as solar and bioenergy and biofuels.

     

     


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, renewable