JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. Photovoltaic electricity is the renewable energy technology with the largest scope for cost reduction and efficiency gains. It is expected to make a significant contribution to achieving EU's goals for a low carbon energy system. JRC activities include:

    European Solar Test Installation

    As a European reference laboratory, ESTI validates electrical performance and lifetime of PV devices based on emerging technologies.

    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Standards
    Keywords: solar, photovoltaics, renewable, energy
  2. As one of the EU initiatives to ensure maritime security and counter piracy, the JRC helps African authoriries – in the context of the Piracy, Maritime Awareness and Risks - Maritime Security (PMAR-MASE) project – to build up their own capacities for maritime awareness.


    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: surveillance, sea
  3. To support EU efforts to prepare for radiological emergencies, the JRC runs systems for automatic exchange of radiological information. It also carries out research on environmental radioactivity, whether natural or man-made.


    Science Areas: Nuclear safety and security
    Keywords: nuclear, crisis
  4. The JRC supports efforts to protect citizens from the disaster risks, both accidental and deliberate, of hazardous industrial installations. This work includes managing a database of industrial accident reports, disseminating best practices for inspection of industrial sites and supporting EU member states in risk assessment of industrial accidents.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change, Safety and Security
    Keywords: hazard, accident
  5. Discontinued activity
    The highest metrological quality of measurements can only be obtained by using primary measurement methods. Isotopic measurements can fulfil the necessary requirements. The JRC uses isotopic techniques to measure reference values for key comparisons and to certify isotopic reference materials.


    Science Areas: Standards
    Keywords: nuclear, measurement
  6. The JRC works closely with other European Commission services, relevant national organisations, the World Health Organisation (WHO) to maintain a high level of public health protection, covering areas such as cancer policy support, nutrition and air quality.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: health