JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. The frequency of extreme weather events due to climate change is expected to increase in the future. The JRC carries out research, forecasts and evaluates the impacts of these events, which include floods, droughts and forest fires.

    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: climate, hazard
  2. Healthcare quality is the extent to which health services provided to individuals and patient populations improve desired health outcomes. Care should be evidence-based and provided in a technically and culturally competent manner with good communication and shared decision making.

    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: health, quality
  3. A person is exposed to many environmental factors within his/her local environment: chemical emissions from consumer products (particles, air pollutants), environmental noise, molds etc.. These chemical, physical, and biological factors play an important role in people’s health, especially in the development and progression of disease. Assessing human exposure of individuals or populations to environmental factors is an important component and integral part of human health risk assessment.

    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: health, risk assessment
  4. Hydrogen is the simplest and lightest gas in the universe. It is not a primary energy source, such as coal or gas, but it is an energy carrier (similar to electricity) and can store and deliver energy in a widely usable form. It also has important environmental and energy security advantages. When renewable energy is used for its production, or when the CO2 is captured, the hydrogen chain (from production to end-use) is completely emission-free. The JRC investigates the safety and storage aspects related to the deployment of hydrogen technologies and evaluates these in the best interest of Europe’s citizens.

    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: transport, low-carbon, hydrogen