The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.
The Global Health Security Initiative is an international partnership of the G7 countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States), Mexico, the European Commission and the World Health Organisation (WHO) to strengthen health preparedness and the global response to threats of CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear) substances and pandemic influenza.
Global safety and security research at the JRC provides support to EU policies addressing global security and crisis management. It includes initiatives like the Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Risk Mitigation Centres of Excellence (CBRN CoE) and the EU Aid Explorer tool, and support to the Global Health Security Initiative and to the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme.
JRC scientific and technical support to policies for a green and resource-efficient Europe is necessarily based on a life cycle approach that takes into account all relevant interactions associated with a product, service, activity, or entity from a supply-chain perspective. Life-cycle-based approaches and tools developed by the JRC in support to EU policies include life cycle indicators and data (European Resource Efficiency Platform), standardised methods for quantifying the environmental performance of goods, services and organisations (environmental footprint), metrics for assessing the material efficiency of products and production technologies, support to eco-innovation, life-cycle-based waste management guidelines, and assessment of critical raw material dependencies throughout the economy.