JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. The JRC conducts research in forensic genetics, genomics and chemistry for fish traceability, and promotes the awareness of these technologies.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: fish, genetics, antifraud
  2. The JRC's research addresses the global food security issue, with the demand for food likely to grow by 70% until 2050.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: food/feed, security
  3. The Global Health Security Initiative is an international partnership of the G7 countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States), Mexico, the European Commission and the World Health Organisation (WHO) to strengthen health preparedness and the global response to threats of CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear) substances and pandemic influenza.


    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: safety, security, health
  4. Global safety and security research at the JRC provides support to EU policies addressing global security and crisis management. It includes initiatives like the Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Risk Mitigation Centres of Excellence (CBRN CoE) and the EU Aid Explorer tool, and support to the Global Health Security Initiative and to the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme.


    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: safety, security
  5. JRC research on genetically modified organisms (GMOs) allows the EU to reliably and effectively detect GMOs in, for example, shipments of imported food, feed, seeds and end products.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: GMO
  6. JRC scientific and technical support to policies for a green and resource-efficient Europe is necessarily based on a life cycle approach that takes into account all relevant interactions associated with a product, service, activity, or entity from a supply-chain perspective. Life-cycle-based approaches and tools developed by the JRC in support to EU policies include life cycle indicators and data (European Resource Efficiency Platform), standardised methods for quantifying the environmental performance of goods, services and organisations (environmental footprint), metrics for assessing the material efficiency of products and production technologies, support to eco-innovation, life-cycle-based waste management guidelines, and assessment of critical raw material dependencies throughout the economy.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: resources, efficiency