JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. Agricultural land covers almost half of Europe’s territory. Technological development, mechanisation, agro-chemicals and genetic research have led to structural modifications in farming practices and put pressure on the environment, leading to soil depletion, water shortages, pollution, habitat degradation and biodiversity loss.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security, Environment and climate change
    Keywords: agriculture, biodiversity
  2. Agriculture market and international trade research at the JRC includes monitoring markets and developing economic models as tools to support policy and international trade.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, market
  3. Agricultural monitoring research at the JRC involves estimating crop production and supporting the implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, monitoring
  4. JRC research in the area of agricultural technological innovation includes anticipation and technological foresight on new technological areas relevant for agriculture, notably in the area of plant and animal breeding.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, innovation
  5. The scientific relevance, independence and timeliness of JRC crop yield forecast products and data are guaranteed by JRC crop forecasting research. The JRC's Monitoring Agricultural ResourceS (MARS) Unit carries out much of this research.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, monitoring
  6. The JRC carries out policy analysis and develops economic modelling tools in support to the EU's Common Agricultural Policy.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, policy
  7. Food scares have increased consumer awareness in all aspects of food safety and quality. As a result, consumers have increasingly preferences with respect to agricultural practices and geographical origin.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: food/feed, quality, agriculture
  8. JRC research focuses on the role of agriculture as provider of public goods, on the impacts of rural development policies on all the aspects of rural economies and on the contribution of agriculture to new environmental challenges and green growth.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, region