JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. JRC research in the area of agricultural technological innovation includes anticipation and technological foresight on new technological areas relevant for agriculture, notably in the area of plant and animal breeding.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, innovation
  2. The EU currently depends on – mostly imported – fossil fuels for 80% of its energy needs, which is problematic in relation to climate change as well as security of energy supply. There is thus an urgent need for energy technology innovation with high performing, innovative, low carbon and cost-effective technologies so that the energy system of today can transform in order to establish energy sustainability, competitiveness and security by 2020 and beyond.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, innovation
  3. The economic and policy analysis of patterns and trends in industrial R&D and innovation are the focuses of JRC research in this area.


    Science Areas: Innovation and growth
    Keywords: industry, innovation
  4. Research and innovation are crucial in bringing about a return to competitiveness for Europe. More than simply overcoming the current crisis, the European Commission is committed to building a stable economy for the future based on smart sustainable growth. Europe 2020, the EU's growth and jobs strategy, aims to do just that.


    Science Areas: Innovation and growth
    Keywords: indicator, innovation
  5. The JRC supports the development of the Innovation Union, as part of ensuring "smart growth" in the EU. Innovation Union policies must be based on robust analyses of up-to-date, reliable information, taking into consideration the interrelation between research, innovation and higher education policies: the 'knowledge triangle'.


    Science Areas: Innovation and growth
    Keywords: research, innovation
  6. The Commission launched in 2014 the "Cohesion Policy and the synergies with the research and development funds: the Stairway to Excellence (S2E)" project, managed by the Joint Research Centre within the Smart Specialisation Platform.


    Science Areas: Innovation and growth
    Keywords: region, growth, innovation