JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, our scientists work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. The rapid decline in computing costs, the emergence of the Internet as a communication tool and the proliferation of day-to-day applications have profoundly affected the organisation of businesses and of personal life. Consequently, it has also affected greatly the functioning of the economy.

    It has brought many benefits to consumers and businesses, but it has also generated new problems and policy issues. Policy makers struggle to respond to these new challenges.


    Science Areas: Information Society
    Keywords: ICT, industry
  2. The JRC's research in the area of Energy sector economic analysis supports the EU's Sustainable Development Strategy, and includes impact analysis studies and modelling and reference data.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, industry
  3. ICT-related innovation represents between 17% and 26% of total innovative output in the EU. With its annual R&D expenditure of €27 Bn (2009), the ICT industry represents 17% of total European Business Expenditure in Research and Development (BERD). The Digital Agenda for Europe aims to double both business expenditures in R&D in the ICT economic sector (ICT BERD), and public funding of ICT R&D, from 2007 to 2020.


    Science Areas: Information Society
    Keywords: ICT, market, industry
  4. The economic and policy analysis of patterns and trends in industrial R&D and innovation are the focuses of JRC research in this area.


    Science Areas: Innovation and growth
    Keywords: industry, innovation
  5. In support of the EU’s objective to reduce the overall pollution of industrial production processes and improvement of their environmental performance, the JRC helps define best available techniques by developing Best Available Technique Reference Documents (BREFs).


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change, Innovation and growth
    Keywords: efficiency, environment, industry
  6. Transport plays an important role in today's economy and society and has a large impact on growth and employment. The transport industry directly employs around 10 million people and accounts for about 5% of gross domestic product (GDP). Effective transport systems are fundamental for the European companies' ability to compete in the world economy. Logistics, such as transport and storage, account for 10–15% of the cost of a finished product for European companies.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: transport, industry