JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. The JRC aims to provide independent scientific advice related to the production and use of biofuels.

    The JRC’s scientific activities on bioenergy and biofuels span from a vast array of analyses in different areas to the testing of the biofuels sustainability. It includes topics such as greenhouse gas (GHG) emission savings, direct and indirect effects of land-use change, the overall availability of other primary energy sources or the most suitable and efficient production and transformation technologies. 


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: transport, renewable
  2. Photovoltaic electricity is the renewable energy technology with the largest scope for cost reduction and efficiency gains. It is expected to make a significant contribution to achieving EU's goals for a low carbon energy system. JRC activities include:

    European Solar Test Installation

    As a European reference laboratory, ESTI validates electrical performance and lifetime of PV devices based on emerging technologies.

    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Standards
    Keywords: solar, photovoltaics, renewable, energy
  3. Renewable energy sources also play a key role in the transition towards a low carbon economy. In 2020, at least 20% of the EU’s overall energy consumption should come from renewable sources. The JRC collects, harmonises and disseminates EU-wide data on renewable energy resources, such as solar and bioenergy and biofuels.

     

     


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, renewable