JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. The JRC has developed and manages the European Coordination Centre for Accident and Incident Reporting Systems, ECCAIRS for the collection and exchange of accident and incident information in the aviation domain.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: air, transport, safety
  2. Aviation security refers to the prevention of acts of unlawful interference against civil aviation, such as seizure of an aircraft or placing a hazardous device onboard an aircraft. The JRC contributes to aviation security by providing scientific and technical support and advice to policy makers on aspects of measurements, testing and standardisation.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: air, security, transport
  3. The JRC aims to provide independent scientific advice related to the production and use of biofuels.

    The JRC’s scientific activities on bioenergy and biofuels span from a vast array of analyses in different areas to the testing of the biofuels sustainability. It includes topics such as greenhouse gas (GHG) emission savings, direct and indirect effects of land-use change, the overall availability of other primary energy sources or the most suitable and efficient production and transformation technologies. 


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: transport, renewable
  4. Hydrogen is the simplest and lightest gas in the universe. It is not a primary energy source, such as coal or gas, but it is an energy carrier (similar to electricity) and can store and deliver energy in a widely usable form. It also has important environmental and energy security advantages. When renewable energy is used for its production, or when the CO2 is captured, the hydrogen chain (from production to end-use) is completely emission-free. The JRC investigates the safety and storage aspects related to the deployment of hydrogen technologies and evaluates these in the best interest of Europe’s citizens.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: transport, low-carbon, hydrogen
  5. The JRC looks into interoperability issues between the electric vehicles and the charging infrastructure, covering hardware and information exchange protocols. Research on e-mobility refers to clean and efficient transport, using electric vehicles, powered either by batteries or by hydrogen fuel cells.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: transport, electromobility
  6. The JRC supports the European Commission in its effort to improve maritime safety and security by developing systems to improve maritime surveillance capabilities and to collect information about maritime accidents.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: transport, sea, safety
  7. JRC's research on route-based risk analysis can support customs authorities in screening maritime container movements to detect potentially suspicious shipments, to better target costly physical inspections or to help investigations with intelligence on container trips.


    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: antifraud, transport, sea
  8. The JRC, together with the European Railways Agency (ERA), has developed the European Railway Accident Information Links (ERAIL) system, where all railway accident reports and the biannual safety performance indicators of the Member States are recorded, according to Directive 2004/49/EC.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: transport, safety, accident
  9. Fuel quality is an important energy issue for industry as well as for citizens. When using fuels in car engines or domestic heating, systems consumers need to be sure that the fuel does not cause any malfunction or damage to their equipment. Similarly, consumers are increasingly aware also of the environmental impact of their fuel consumption. The JRC provides certified reference materials for fuel analysis for a wide range of parameters relevant for the quality and environmental impact of fuels, be it conventional fossil fuels or biofuels.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Standards
    Keywords: transport, reference material, fuel
  10. The JRC has been successfully involved in the design and implementation of the digital tachograph, which became mandatory in 2006 on all newly registered commercial trucks and buses across the EU.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: transport, safety