JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. The JRC provides support to the implementation of the EU’s Marine Strategy Framework Directive using modelling simulations, remote sensing data, dissemination of datasets as well as assisting the African, Caribbean and Pacific (ACP) countries to sustainably manage their marine resources.

    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: sea, environment
  2. The JRC provides technical support for the creation of a common information sharing system, jointly developed by the Commission and EU national authorities, in order to harmonise data on maritime surveillance.

    Science Areas: Standards
    Keywords: standard, sea, surveillance
  3. Our seas, oceans and coasts are important resources for the EU. The livelihoods of many citizens depend on the sea – fisheries of course, but also tourism and trade are key sectors of the EU economy. The EU fishing industry is the fourth largest in the world, providing some 6.4 million tonnes of fish each year and jobs for more than 350,000 people.

    Marine resources must, therefore, be used in a responsible way if we want to maintain the fragile balance of marine ecosystems and in turn protect and develop sea-related human activities.

    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: fish, sea
  4. The JRC supports the European Commission in its effort to improve maritime safety and security by developing systems to improve maritime surveillance capabilities and to collect information about maritime accidents.

    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: transport, sea, safety
  5. The JRC helps to strengthen the EU capabilities in maritime surveillance, by contributing to the development of the European Border Surveillance System (EUROSUR) and the establishment of the Common Information Sharing Environment for the EU maritime domain (CISE) and by investigating maritime surveillance solutions e.g. in the fight against piracy off Africa.

    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: surveillance, sea
  6. JRC's research on route-based risk analysis can support customs authorities in screening maritime container movements to detect potentially suspicious shipments, to better target costly physical inspections or to help investigations with intelligence on container trips.

    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: antifraud, transport, sea
  7. In the context of the Copernicus programme, the JRC aims to develop and assessing Climate Data Records (CDR) derived from multiple satellite remote sensing missions. These CDRs are time series of Essential Climate Variables that are derived from optical properties such as the concentration of the phytoplankton pigment chlorophyll-a and sea surface reflectance.

    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: sea, climate, environment
  8. As one of the EU initiatives to ensure maritime security and counter piracy, the JRC helps African authoriries – in the context of the Piracy, Maritime Awareness and Risks - Maritime Security (PMAR-MASE) project – to build up their own capacities for maritime awareness.

    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: surveillance, sea