JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, our scientists work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. JRC research in this area supports the EU’s aim of addressing, mitigating, monitoring and adapting to the effects of climate change. This includes assessing and monitoring the impact of climate change, evaluating the increased risk of climate change hazards, and assessing the sustainability of climate policies.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: climate
  2. The JRC is committed to supporting the EU in limiting global climate change. For example, it provides expertise in modelling and evaluation of different energy scenarios, black carbon assessment, land use change and carbon capture and storage.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: climate, mitigation
  3. Through its international agreements the EU has endorsed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions (GHGs) by 20% by 2020. This will redirect EU's energy economy towards a highly efficient and low CO2 one with an important impact on climate change mitigation.

    At European level a comprehensive package of policy measures to reduce greenhouse gas emissions has been initiated through the European Climate Change Programme (ECCP).


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: climate, mitigation, impact assessment
  4. The scientific relevance, independence and timeliness of JRC crop yield forecast products and data are guaranteed by JRC crop forecasting research.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, monitoring, food/feed, security, biodiversity, region, climate, remote sensing
  5. The JRC’s work in the field of drought and desertification includes the evaluation of land degradation, regionally as well as globally, meteorological drought forecasting and assessment of the water supply throughout Europe.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security, Environment and climate change
    Keywords: hazard, drought, climate
  6. Through integrated research, the JRC supports the European Union in adapting to the effects of climate change. The research includes forestry and soil analysis, evaluation of floods and droughts, and crop forecasting studies.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: climate, adaptation, forest
  7. The frequency of extreme weather events due to climate change is expected to increase in the future. The JRC carries out research, forecasts and evaluates the impacts of these events, which include floods, droughts and forest fires.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: climate, hazard
  8. The JRC's research on the impacts of climate change looks at economic impacts of our changing climate and includes the Projection of Economic impacts of climate change in Sectors of the European Union based on bottom-up Analysis (PESETA) project.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: climate, impact assessment
  9. The JRC supports the integrated and standardised monitoring of air pollution and greenhouse gas emissions . In addition, it evaluates the effects of air pollution and climate change policies on the Earth System in order to determine their effectiveness and provide early warnings of potential risks.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: climate, monitoring
  10. In the context of the Copernicus programme, the JRC aims to develop and assessing Climate Data Records (CDR) derived from multiple satellite remote sensing missions. These CDRs are time series of Essential Climate Variables that are derived from optical properties such as the concentration of the phytoplankton pigment chlorophyll-a and sea surface reflectance.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: sea, climate, environment