JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. The JRC establishes best environmental management practices (BEMPs) of organisations in order to produce Sectoral Reference Documents (SRDs) which are then used by industry and organisations and helps the implementation of the EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS).


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change, Innovation and growth
    Keywords: efficiency, environment, quality
  2. The JRC provides scientific policy support to DG Trade by performing Input-Output analysis oriented to quantify the numbers of jobs and value added in the EU associated to the EU Exports to the world.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change, Innovation and growth
    Keywords: efficiency, environment, modelling, statistics
  3. Energy efficiency research at the JRC focuses on technology deployment and market uptake, and encompasses a broad range of activities which includes the Green Light Programme, the GreenBuildings project, the lighting initiative, the Covenant of Mayors and the Motor Challenge Programme


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, efficiency
  4. JRC scientific and technical support to policies for a more circular EU economy is necessarily based on a lifecycle approach, so that all relevant interactions associated with a product, service, activity, or entity from a supply-chain perspective are considered.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: resources, efficiency
  5. Under different sustainable production and consumption policy strategies of the EU, the JRC provides crucial support by analysing the economic, social and environmental variables. This support also includes the construction of databases and development of an econometric model for input-output analysis.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change, Innovation and growth
    Keywords: efficiency, environment, modelling
  6. The JRC supports the implementation of European sustainable product policies such as EU Ecolabel, Green Public Procurement, Eco-design of Energy-Related Products (ErP),and


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change, Innovation and growth
    Keywords: efficiency, environment, policy
  7. The JRC supports the EU’s sustainable development work through research such as helping to improve the environmental impact of industry and organisations, assisting the implementation of the Waste Framework Directive by proposing the definition of end-of-waste criteria, and evaluating the impacts of various policies at the regional level.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change, Innovation and growth
    Keywords: efficiency, environment
  8. In support of the EU’s objective to reduce the overall pollution of industrial production processes and improvement of their environmental performance, the JRC helps define best available techniques by developing Best Available Technique Reference Documents (BREFs).


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change, Innovation and growth
    Keywords: efficiency, environment, industry
  9. The JRC supports the EU’s initiative to reduce waste and preserve limited resources by for example, assessing waste streams with a potential for being used in other processes, conducting end-of-waste studies – generating the first end-of-waste criteria – and working on improving materials resource management.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change, Innovation and growth
    Keywords: efficiency, environment, waste