JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. Aviation security refers to the prevention of acts of unlawful interference against civil aviation, such as seizure of an aircraft or placing a hazardous device onboard an aircraft. The JRC contributes to aviation security by providing scientific and technical support and advice to policy makers on aspects of measurements, testing and standardisation.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: air, security, transport
  2. JRC carries out a significant amount of research, and provides the EU with support in the area of illicit trafficking of nuclear including prevention, detection and response actions to illicit trafficking.


    Science Areas: Nuclear safety and security
    Keywords: nuclear, safeguards, security
  3. Critical infrastructures include power grids, the transport network and information and communication systems. Protection of these infrastructures is vital for the security of the EU and the well-being of its citizens.


    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: infrastructure, security
  4. Cybersecurity research at the JRC provides support to the EU to respond to cyber-attacks and reinforce rules on personal data protection, as well as to ensure that critical networked systems are sufficiently secure and resilient.


    Science Areas: Information Society, Safety and Security
    Keywords: ICT, security
  5. The JRC's research addresses the global food security issue, with the demand for food likely to grow by 70% until 2050.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: food/feed, security
  6. The Global Health Security Initiative is an international partnership of the G7 countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States), Mexico, the European Commission and the World Health Organisation (WHO) to strengthen health preparedness and the global response to threats of CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear) substances and pandemic influenza.


    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: safety, security, health
  7. Global safety and security research at the JRC provides support to EU policies addressing global security and crisis management. It includes initiatives like the Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Risk Mitigation Centres of Excellence (CBRN CoE) and the EU Aid Explorer tool, and support to the Global Health Security Initiative and to the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme.


    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: safety, security
  8. JRC carries out analysis of proliferation concerns by combining nuclear fuel cycle expertise with export control and trade analysis.


    Science Areas: Nuclear safety and security
    Keywords: nuclear, safeguards, security
  9. Nuclear safeguards and security measures aim to stop the proliferation of nuclear arms and illicit trafficking of nuclear and radiological materials. The JRC supports the European Commission’s work in this field and collaborates with international partners.


    Science Areas: Nuclear safety and security
    Keywords: nuclear, safeguards, security
  10. Today in the world millions of shipping containers constantly travel and cross national borders. Cargo containers are considered as a weak link in the supply chain as they can be potentially exploited to defraud customs, introduce illicit cargo and breach security protocols.. Within this context, a number of national and international programmes .and agreements have been drafted to limit the potential for miss-use of intermodal containers.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: transport, safety, security, antifraud