The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.
The JRC’s work in the field of drought and desertification includes the evaluation of land degradation, regionally as well as globally, meteorological drought forecasting and assessment of the water supply throughout Europe.
The JRC carries out extensive work to improve the scientific evidence base for risk assessment in Europe and worldwide, not only in hazard characterisation, but also in vulnerability and exposure assessment and development of guidelines and standards for risk data.
The JRC supports efforts to reduce the human casualties and economic and societal impacts of earthquakes and tsunamis. Studies are done on methodologies to increase the safety of buildings, namely with the creation of European standards for construction, while a tsunami modelling system allows the estimation of tsunami wave height and travel time.
The JRC supports European authorities in monitoring forest fires through an integrated information system that helps to predict and forecast fires and provide post-fire monitoring and evaluation of soil, gas emissions and vegetation.
The frequency of extreme weather events due to climate change is expected to increase in the future. The JRC carries out research, forecasts and evaluates the impacts of these events, which include floods, droughts and forest fires.
Natural and man-made disasters have significant impacts on society, the environment and economy. The JRC continually monitors and assesses the risk of disasters such as droughts, floods, forest fires, earthquakes, tsunamis, cyclones and dispersion of air pollutants.
The JRC supports efforts to protect citizens from the disaster risks, both accidental and deliberate, of hazardous industrial installations. This work includes managing a database of industrial accident reports, disseminating best practices for inspection of industrial sites and supporting EU member states in risk assessment of industrial accidents.
The JRC uses space technologies to address disaster risk reduction and to support the response and reconstruction phase after a disaster.