JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. JRC is developing and testing new animal-free methods, alternative to animal-based tests, to be applied in an integrated safety assessment of chemicals, as well as providing informatics tools and databases to support this.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: animal-free testing, safety
  2. Developing and running software tools and methods able to organise, store, retrieve and analyse large volumes of biological data is what Bioinformatics is all about.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: ICT, genetics
  3. Consumers are in daily contact with a variety of products such as cosmetics, kitchenware or textiles. The safety of these is of primary concern for producers and legislators. The European Commission aims at the highest possible level of consumer protection without hampering innovation.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: consumer
  4. The JRC actions in this area are in line with the "farm to table" concept which takes into account consumers' demands and their feedback right along the food chain.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: food/feed, safety
  5. The labeling of food products is essential to inform consumers what kind of products they are buying. EU harmonised rules on food labeling, presentation and advertising aim to protect consumers and facilitate trade inside and outside Europe.

    Recently an initiative of the European Parliament (EP) has identified a number of foods such as: olive oil, fish, honey, dairy products and meat as being the target of fraudulent activities. This initiative calls for the development of technologies and methods to detect food fraud.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: food/feed, quality
  6. What are food contact materials?

    Food contact materials comprise all materials and articles that come or are intended to come in contact with food, e.g. food packaging materials, kitchen utensils, tableware and food processing equipment. They can be made of different materials such as plastics, rubber, silicones, metals, ceramics, glass, paper and board, wood, cork, textiles, adhesives, coatings and printing inks.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: food/feed, consumer
  7. Discontinued activity

    The 'Chocolate Directive' allows the addition of up to 5 % of vegetable fats other than cocoa butter, the so-called cocoa butter equivalents (CBEs), in chocolate. If CBEs are added, consumers have to be informed by appropriate labelling. EU member states' laws, regulations and administrative provisions have had to comply with the Chocolate Directive since August 2003.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: food/feed, quality
  8. JRC research on genetically modified organisms (GMOs) allows the EU to reliably and effectively detect GMOs in, for example, shipments of imported food, feed, seeds and end products.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: GMO
  9. Healthcare quality is the extent to which health services provided to individuals and patient populations improve desired health outcomes. Care should be evidence-based and provided in a technically and culturally competent manner with good communication and shared decision making.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: health, quality
  10. A person is exposed to many environmental factors within his/her local environment: chemical emissions from consumer products (particles, air pollutants), environmental noise, molds etc.. These chemical, physical, and biological factors play an important role in people’s health, especially in the development and progression of disease. Assessing human exposure of individuals or populations to environmental factors is an important component and integral part of human health risk assessment.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: health, risk assessment