The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.
The JRC has developed and manages the European Coordination Centre for Accident and Incident Reporting Systems, ECCAIRS for the collection and exchange of accident and incident information in the aviation domain.
The European Clearinghouse initiative on Nuclear Power Plants Operational Experience Feedback (“EU Clearinghouse”) has been set up in support of EU nuclear safety authorities, EU technical support organisations, international organisations and the broader nuclear community. Its purpose is to enhance nuclear safety through the lessons learned from operational experience.
The Global Health Security Initiative is an international partnership of the G7 countries (Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the United Kingdom and the United States), Mexico, the European Commission and the World Health Organisation (WHO) to strengthen health preparedness and the global response to threats of CBRN (chemical, biological, radiological and nuclear) substances and pandemic influenza.
Global safety and security research at the JRC provides support to EU policies addressing global security and crisis management. It includes initiatives like the Chemical, Biological, Radiological and Nuclear Risk Mitigation Centres of Excellence (CBRN CoE) and the EU Aid Explorer tool, and support to the Global Health Security Initiative and to the Kimberley Process Certification Scheme.
The JRC supports the European Commission in its effort to improve maritime safety and security by developing systems to improve maritime surveillance capabilities and to collect information about maritime accidents.
The JRC has a strong expertise on nuclear accident modelling, hence it created in 2012 the Nuclear Reactor Accident Analysis and Modelling (NURAM) team to reinforce research and collaboration in the field of Severe Accidents for Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs).
Nuclear fuel safety is the basic component of all safety requirements associated with nuclear energy production. The ultimate goal is to ensure that fuel rods in the reactor core will fulfil their main safety function, which consists of retaining all radionuclides, while generating energy.
Nuclear safety research at the JRC encompasses both the safety of the reactors and of nuclear fuel itself. Research includes initiatives such as the EU's Clearinghouse, resources like the European Atlas of Natural Radiation (EANR), and collaborations with the European Energy Research Alliance (EERA).