JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. The JRC carries out research aimed at preventing and mitigating industrial accidents and technological accidents due to natural disasters, as well as at improving safety in construction.


    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: accident, safety
  2. Research for improving safety in construction is carried out at the JRC's European Laboratory for Structural Assessment (ELSA).


    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: accident, safety, building
  3. The JRC has a strong expertise on nuclear accident modelling, hence it created in 2012 the Nuclear Reactor Accident Analysis and Modelling (NURAM) team to reinforce research and collaboration in the field of Severe Accidents for Nuclear Power Plants (NPPs).


    Science Areas: Nuclear safety and security, Safety and Security
    Keywords: nuclear, safety, accident
  4. The JRC supports efforts to protect citizens from the disaster risks, both accidental and deliberate, of hazardous industrial installations. This work includes managing a database of industrial accident reports, disseminating best practices for inspection of industrial sites and supporting EU member states in risk assessment of industrial accidents.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change, Safety and Security
    Keywords: hazard, accident
  5. The JRC, together with the European Railways Agency (ERA), has developed the European Railway Accident Information Links (ERAIL) system, where all railway accident reports and the biannual safety performance indicators of the Member States are recorded, according to Directive 2004/49/EC.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: transport, safety, accident
  6. The JRC supports EU member state authorities in evaluating, analysing and preparing for the risks posed by chemical or industrial accidents triggered by natural disasters (Natechs). The support includes the management of a database of these accidents as well as the development of a mapping tool that allows authorities to more accurately identify Natech-prone areas.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change, Safety and Security
    Keywords: hazard, accident