JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. JRC is developing and testing new animal-free methods, alternative to animal-based tests, to be applied in an integrated safety assessment of chemicals, as well as providing informatics tools and databases to support this.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: animal-free testing, safety
  2. Developing and running software tools and methods able to organise, store, retrieve and analyse large volumes of biological data is what Bioinformatics is all about.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: ICT, genetics
  3. Consumers are in daily contact with a variety of products such as cosmetics, kitchenware or textiles. The safety of these is of primary concern for producers and legislators. The European Commission aims at the highest possible level of consumer protection without hampering innovation.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: consumer
  4. The JRC actions in this area are in line with the "farm to table" concept which takes into account consumers' demands and their feedback right along the food chain.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: food/feed, safety
  5. What are food contact materials?

    Food contact materials comprise all materials and articles that come or are intended to come in contact with food, e.g. food packaging materials, kitchen utensils, tableware and food processing equipment. They can be made of different materials such as plastics, rubber, silicones, metals, ceramics, glass, paper and board, wood, cork, textiles, adhesives, coatings and printing inks.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: food/feed, consumer
  6. JRC research on genetically modified organisms (GMOs) allows the EU to reliably and effectively detect GMOs in, for example, shipments of imported food, feed, seeds and end products.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: GMO
  7. Healthcare quality is the extent to which health services provided to individuals and patient populations improve desired health outcomes. Care should be evidence-based and provided in a technically and culturally competent manner with good communication and shared decision making.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: health, quality
  8. A person is exposed to many environmental factors within his/her local environment: chemical emissions from consumer products (particles, air pollutants), environmental noise, molds etc.. These chemical, physical, and biological factors play an important role in people’s health, especially in the development and progression of disease. Assessing human exposure of individuals or populations to environmental factors is an important component and integral part of human health risk assessment.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: health, risk assessment
  9. JRC research on nanotechnology is contributing to the reduction of uncertainties about the potential impact of nanomaterials on health and the environment and is supporting the development of a sound regulatory framework by providing informed science-based advice.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection, Innovation and growth
    Keywords: nanotechnology
  10. Eating habits can go a long way towards ensuring good health. Low consumption of fruits, vegetables or fibre, and excess intakes of salt, sugars, and trans and saturated fats are among the top contributors to death and disability caused by non-communicable diseases such as heart disease, diabetes and certain forms of cancer.  


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: health, food/feed