JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. The JRC's research in the area of Energy sector economic analysis supports the EU's Sustainable Development Strategy, and includes impact analysis studies and modelling and reference data.

    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, industry
  2. The JRC aims to provide a solid and comprehensive understanding of energy security in support of EU policy, notably in relation to fossil fuels (mainly gas and oil) and power systems.

    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, infrastructure
  3. The EU currently depends on – mostly imported – fossil fuels for 80% of its energy needs, which is problematic in relation to climate change as well as security of energy supply. There is thus an urgent need for energy technology innovation with high performing, innovative, low carbon and cost-effective technologies so that the energy system of today can transform in order to establish energy sustainability, competitiveness and security by 2020 and beyond.

    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, innovation
  4. The 'Energy - Transparency Centre of Knowledge' (E-TRACK) is a joint initiative agreed between the Directorate General for Energy (DG ENER) and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) for the promotion of public participation in the implementation of energy policies. It results from the recognition of the need to offer a reliable source of information on matters relating to energy policy implementation.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, citizen, governance
  5. Photovoltaic electricity is the renewable energy technology with the largest scope for cost reduction and efficiency gains. It is expected to make a significant contribution to achieving EU's goals for a low carbon energy system. JRC activities include:

    European Solar Test Installation

    As a European reference laboratory, ESTI validates electrical performance and lifetime of PV devices based on emerging technologies.

    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Standards
    Keywords: solar, photovoltaics, renewable, energy
  6. Public participation in radioactive waste management (RWM) constitutes the first project of the Energy - Transparency Centre of Knowledge (E-TRACK). Given the legally binding requirements for transparency of the Council Directive 2011/70/EURATOM on spent fuel and radioactive waste, the European Commission considers it useful to provide steady and continuous support in the very near future.

    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Nuclear safety and security
    Keywords: energy, citizen, nuclear, waste