JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. Agricultural land covers almost half of Europe’s territory. Technological development, mechanisation, agro-chemicals and genetic research have led to structural modifications in farming practices and put pressure on the environment, leading to soil depletion, water shortages, pollution, habitat degradation and biodiversity loss.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security, Environment and climate change
    Keywords: agriculture, biodiversity
  2. Agriculture market and international trade research at the JRC includes monitoring markets and developing economic models as tools to support policy and international trade.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, market
  3. Agricultural monitoring research at the JRC involves estimating crop production and supporting the implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, monitoring
  4. JRC research in the area of agricultural technological innovation includes anticipation and technological foresight on new technological areas relevant for agriculture, notably in the area of plant and animal breeding.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, innovation
  5. The scientific relevance, independence and timeliness of JRC crop yield forecast products and data are guaranteed by JRC crop forecasting research. The JRC's Monitoring Agricultural ResourceS (MARS) Unit carries out much of this research.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, monitoring
  6. The JRC’s work in the field of drought and desertification includes the evaluation of land degradation, regionally as well as globally, meteorological drought forecasting and assessment of the water supply throughout Europe.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security, Environment and climate change
    Keywords: hazard, drought, climate
  7. The JRC carries out policy analysis and develops economic modelling tools in support to the EU's Common Agricultural Policy.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, policy
  8. Our seas, oceans and coasts are important resources for the EU. The livelihoods of many citizens depend on the sea – fisheries of course, but also tourism and trade are key sectors of the EU economy. The EU fishing industry is the fourth largest in the world, providing some 6.4 million tonnes of fish each year and jobs for more than 350,000 people.

    Marine resources must, therefore, be used in a responsible way if we want to maintain the fragile balance of marine ecosystems and in turn protect and develop sea-related human activities.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: fish, sea
  9. The JRC’s work on forestry covers a range of research areas including forest monitoring, harmonisation of forest information and assessment of the sustainable governance of European forests and their ecosystem services.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security, Environment and climate change
    Keywords: forest
  10. The JRC conducts research in forensic genetics, genomics and chemistry for fish traceability, and promotes the awareness of these technologies.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: fish, genetics, antifraud