JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. The JRC aims to provide independent scientific advice related to the production and use of biofuels.

    The JRC’s scientific activities on bioenergy and biofuels span from a vast array of analyses in different areas to the testing of the biofuels sustainability. It includes topics such as greenhouse gas (GHG) emission savings, direct and indirect effects of land-use change, the overall availability of other primary energy sources or the most suitable and efficient production and transformation technologies. 


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: transport, renewable
  2. The European Clearinghouse initiative on Nuclear Power Plants Operational Experience Feedback (“EU Clearinghouse”) has been set up in support of EU nuclear safety authorities, EU technical support organisations, international organisations and the broader nuclear community. Its purpose is to enhance nuclear safety through the lessons learned from operational experience.


    Science Areas: Nuclear safety and security, Safety and Security
    Keywords: nuclear, safety
  3. Energy efficiency research at the JRC focuses on technology deployment and market uptake, and encompasses a broad range of activities which includes the Green Light Programme, the GreenBuildings project, the lighting initiative, the Covenant of Mayors and the Motor Challenge Programme


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, efficiency
  4. The JRC's research in the area of Energy sector economic analysis supports the EU's Sustainable Development Strategy, and includes impact analysis studies and modelling and reference data.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, industry
  5. The JRC aims to provide a solid and comprehensive understanding of energy security in support of EU policy, notably in relation to fossil fuels (mainly gas and oil) and power systems.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, infrastructure
  6. The EU currently depends on – mostly imported – fossil fuels for 80% of its energy needs, which is problematic in relation to climate change as well as security of energy supply. There is thus an urgent need for energy technology innovation with high performing, innovative, low carbon and cost-effective technologies so that the energy system of today can transform in order to establish energy sustainability, competitiveness and security by 2020 and beyond.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, innovation
  7. The 'Energy - Transparency Centre of Knowledge' (E-TRACK) is a joint initiative agreed between the Directorate General for Energy (DG ENER) and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) of the European Commission for the promotion of public participation in the implementation of energy policies. It results from the recognition of the need to offer a reliable source of information on matters relating to energy policy implementation.

     


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: energy, citizen, governance, policy, network
  8. Hydrogen is the simplest and lightest gas in the universe. It is not a primary energy source, such as coal or gas, but it is an energy carrier (similar to electricity) and can store and deliver energy in a widely usable form. It also has important environmental and energy security advantages. When renewable energy is used for its production, or when the CO2 is captured, the hydrogen chain (from production to end-use) is completely emission-free. The JRC investigates the safety and storage aspects related to the deployment of hydrogen technologies and evaluates these in the best interest of Europe’s citizens.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: transport, low-carbon, hydrogen
  9. The JRC looks into interoperability issues between the electric vehicles and the charging infrastructure, covering hardware and information exchange protocols. Research on e-mobility refers to clean and efficient transport, using electric vehicles, powered either by batteries or by hydrogen fuel cells.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport
    Keywords: transport, electromobility
  10. The JRC manages the European Human Resources Observatory in the Nuclear Energy Sector (EHRO-N) in order to act as a point of reference for the sustainable energy sector. Its main task is to monitor the supply of and demand for experts needed in the nuclear energy sector throughout the EU-27 for the years to come.


    Science Areas: Nuclear safety and security
    Keywords: nuclear, training