JRC research topics

The JRC carries out research in a wide variety of fields. Located across five sites throughout the EU, seven research institutes work in the areas of agriculture and food security, energy and transport, environment and climate change, health and consumer protection, information society, safety and security, innovation and growth, measurements and standards, and nuclear safety and security.

  1. The JRC carries out research aimed at preventing and mitigating industrial accidents and technological accidents due to natural disasters, as well as at improving safety in construction.


    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: accident, safety
  2. Agricultural land covers almost half of Europe’s territory. Technological development, mechanisation, agro-chemicals and genetic research have led to structural modifications in farming practices and put pressure on the environment, leading to soil depletion, water shortages, pollution, habitat degradation and biodiversity loss.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security, Environment and climate change
    Keywords: agriculture, biodiversity
  3. Agriculture market and international trade research at the JRC includes monitoring markets and developing economic models as tools to support policy and international trade.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, market
  4. Agricultural monitoring research at the JRC involves estimating crop production and supporting the implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, monitoring
  5. JRC research in the area of agricultural technological innovation includes anticipation and technological foresight on new technological areas relevant for agriculture, notably in the area of plant and animal breeding.


    Science Areas: Agriculture and food security
    Keywords: agriculture, innovation
  6. The JRC provides essential support to policy for improving air quality, including initiatives to harmonise air quality monitoring processes and to develop integrated greenhouse gas and air pollutant emission inventories and projections. This knowledge serves as the basis for analysing the cost estimates of different policy options.


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change
    Keywords: air, quality
  7. JRC is developing and testing new animal-free methods, alternative to animal-based tests, to be applied in an integrated safety assessment of chemicals, as well as providing informatics tools and databases to support this.


    Science Areas: Health and consumer protection
    Keywords: animal-free testing, safety
  8. Antifraud research at the JRC helps to protect the financial interests of the EU, and all of the citizens of the member states.


    Science Areas: Safety and Security
    Keywords: antifraud
  9. The JRC can estimate and predict movements of pollutants and toxins emitted from sources such as vehicles and industry through the use of atmospheric dispersion models. 


    Science Areas: Environment and climate change, Safety and Security
    Keywords: hazard, air
  10. The JRC has developed and manages the European Coordination Centre for Accident and Incident Reporting Systems, ECCAIRS for the collection and exchange of accident and incident information in the aviation domain.


    Science Areas: Energy and transport, Safety and Security
    Keywords: air, transport, safety