We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The JRC carries out research aimed at preventing and mitigating industrial accidents and technological accidents due to natural disasters, as well as at improving safety in construction.
Agricultural land covers almost half of Europe’s territory. Technological development, mechanisation, agro-chemicals and genetic research have led to structural modifications in farming practices and put pressure on the environment, leading to soil depletion, water shortages, pollution, habitat degradation and biodiversity loss.
Agriculture market and international trade research at the JRC includes monitoring markets and developing economic models as tools to support policy and international trade.
Agricultural monitoring research at the JRC involves estimating crop production and supporting the implementation of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP)
JRC research in the area of agricultural technological innovation includes anticipation and technological foresight on new technological areas relevant for agriculture, notably in the area of plant and animal breeding.
The JRC provides essential support to policy for improving air quality, including initiatives to harmonise air quality monitoring processes and to develop integrated greenhouse gas and air pollutant emission inventories and projections. This knowledge serves as the basis for analysing the cost estimates of different policy options.
The JRC is developing and testing new animal-free methods, alternative to animal-based tests, to be applied in an integrated safety assessment of chemicals, as well as providing informatics tools and databases to support this.
Antifraud research at the JRC helps to protect the financial interests of the EU, and all of the citizens of the member states.
The JRC can estimate and predict movements of pollutants and toxins emitted from sources such as vehicles and industry through the use of atmospheric dispersion models.
The JRC has developed and manages the European Coordination Centre for Accident and Incident Reporting Systems, ECCAIRS for the collection and exchange of accident and incident information in the aviation domain.