EU Science Hub

Sustainable Product Policy

The JRC supports the implementation of European sustainable product policies such as EU Ecolabel, Green Public Procurement, Eco-design of Energy-Related Products (ErP),and Energy Label. Its main tasks are:

  • providing all technical, economic and environmental information needed for the implementation of the respective policy instruments;
  • organising and carrying out on each product policy proposal the consultation with stakeholders from Member States, industry and NGOs;
  • preparing the draft legal text for the respective policies for the consultation within the European Commission (Interservice Consultation) and the voting by the Member States in the Regulatory Committee.

The work is executed in the Product Bureau, which follows a well-established work process of an interdisciplinary team of experts on a broad range of product groups.

The European Ecolabel Regulation 

The EU Ecolabel, established in 1992, identifies products and services that have a reduced environmental impact throughout their life cycle, from the extraction of raw material through to production, use and disposal. Recognised throughout Europe, EU Ecolabel is a voluntary label promoting environmental excellence which can be trusted.

The Green Public Procurement communication

Europe's public authorities are major consumers. By using their purchasing power to choose environmentally friendly goods, services and works, they can make an important contribution to sustainable consumption and production. This is the concept of Green Public Procurement (GPP).

The Ecodesign of Energy-Related Products (ErP)

The production, distribution, use and end-of-life management of energy-related products (ErPs) is associated with important impacts on the environment, such as the consequences of energy and other materials/resources consumption, waste generation and release of hazardous substances. It is estimated that over 80% of all product-related environmental impacts are determined during the design phase of a product. Eco-design aims at reducing the environmental impact of products, including the energy consumption throughout their entire life cycle.

Energy Labelling

Energy labels help consumers choosing products which save energy and thus money. They also provide incentives for the industry to develop and invest in energy efficient product design. In parallel to the preparatory study under energy-related products (ErPs), the JRC analyses the potential to develop an energy label with the rating A-G for a certain product group. The work steps are similar to Ecodesign, as the Energy Labelling is also developed following the Ecodesign methodology (MEErP) study.