EU Science Hub

Sustainability of climate policies

In addition to carrying out cost analyses, the overall environmental effectiveness of climate change policies, including low-carbon and carbon-free energy technologies investments, must be assessed. The JRC contributes to the EC Flagship Initiatives Resource-efficient Europe and An integrated industrial policy for the globalisation era by analysing greenhouse gas (GHG) emission reduction policies and their sustainability.

Sustainability of biofuels

EU directives promote the use of renewable energies in the EU Member States. One difficulty is to calculate precisely the GHG emissions from indirect land use change, for instance when crops grown for food are diverted to those for biofuels.

Sustainable Energy Action Plans at local level

Cities are major contributors to GHG emissions, being responsible for 75% of carbon dioxide emissions. The Covenant of Mayors is a European movement involving local and regional authorities that voluntarily commit to increasing energy efficiency and to using renewable energy sources in their territories. Covenant signatories aim to meet and exceed the European Union objective of reducing CO2 by 20% by 2020.