EU Science Hub

Renewable energy

Renewable energy sources (wind, solar, hydro, biomass, ocean and geothermal) play a key role in the transition towards a more secure, sustainable and low-carbon economy. Revised in December 2018, the Renewable Energy Directive (2018/2001/EC) requires EU countries to fulfil at least 32% of their total energy needs with renewables by 2030. To boost this process, the JRC collects, harmonises and disseminates EU-wide data on renewable energy resources, technologies and potentials.

Solar energy

Sunlight is our clean energy source with the greatest potential to generate heat and electricity. Solar energy technologies include both solar thermal electricity and solar photovoltaics. The European Solar Test Installation (ESTI) is the JRC's reference laboratory which assesses the performance of new photovoltaic technologies. Additionally, tools such as the Photovoltaic Geographical Information System (PVGIS) and EMHIRES offer open access data on solar energy resources and on the potential PV electricity output in Europe, Africa and large parts of Asia. 


Strategic Energies Technologies Information System – Solar photovoltaic

Strategic Energies Technologies Information System – Concentrated solar power

Bioenergy and Biofuels

Accounting for 65% of the EU renewable energy consumption, sustainable bioenergy is an important contributor to meeting energy and climate targets. The revised energy directive includes a transport sub-target of 14% of renewable energy sources by 2030 applicable to the road and rail sectors.  

Bioenergy and Biofuels

Knowledge Centre for Bioeconomy 

Energy Systems and Techno-Economic analysis

The JRC is also involved with smart-grid and storage technologies needed to achieve large-scale energy deployment systems. The Strategic Energy Technology Information System (SETIS) provides a one-stop portal for accessing this information.