EU Science Hub

Global food security

According to the Food and Agriculture Organisation (FAO) by effect of demographic growth and changes in diets and incomes, demand for food is likely to grow by 70% until 2050. The current outlook of increasing global demand is mirrored by considerable uncertainties of supply linked to unpredictable economic and political, but also climatic and biological (e.g. new crop and animal diseases) developments. This implies a need for accelerated agricultural production growth in developing countries. The JRC is involved in three main challenges related to the increasing of food availability in the world: (i) support the dominant small-scale mixed crop/livestock farming systems; (ii) ensure innovations from demand-driven research are accessible to farmers; and (iii) allow international trade from surplus to deficit areas, by regionally more integrated agricultural policies. On the other hand, the EU and other developed countries' agriculture and food industries contribute to global food security being important suppliers of agricultural and food products in a growing world market. The Common Agriculture Policy (CAP) can impact global food security and its possible effects should be taken into account.

Innovation for food security

Research and innovation is a major driver for increasing the availabality of food. Its role in ensuring food security, particularly concerning genetic improvement and biotechnologies, is evaluated. 

Trade and model-based scenarios of global food situation

Policy and trade context directly impacts the global food situation. The impact of such factors on food security is modelled, including at long term, with a view to assess the different impacts of policy options, including within the EU, on the global food safety.


Food security and agriculture in low income and transition economies

In low income economies and less industrialised countries, food security relies on small-scale farming systems in a dual structure. A description of the agricultural potential of key areas such as the Black Sea area or Sub-Saharan Africa is carried out, as well as specific farm level modelling.