The African Union and the Joint Research Centre (JRC) (April 2014)
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Land use change induced by the increase in biofuel feedstocks demand is one of the main concerns of the impact of conventional biofuels. Land use change can be direct (DLUC), when crops for biofuel are grown on uncultivated land, or indirect (ILUC), when the use of agricultural land for biofuel pushes other agricultural production into natural ecosystems. ILUC cannot be measured directly. It is commonly determined making use of existing agro-economic models which look at the global land use change response to increased biofuel demand and make forward projections (e.g. to 2020).
The Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission’s in-house science service, provides scientific evidence to policy makers on the complex issues of bioenergy and biofuels availability, exploitability and sustainability. The National Renewable Energy Action Plans (NREAPS) presented by the European Union Member States have shown how bioenergy will remain crucial over the next decade in order to reach the renewable energy targets in 2020.
Biomass is the organic fraction of both agricultural products, from forestry and related industries, and industrial and municipal waste. This includes for example wood, straw, energy crops, agricultural waste, agro-industrial waste, plants and animal waste.