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Towards suitable tests for the migration of metals from ceramic and crystal tableware: Work in support of the revision of the Ceramic Directive 84/500/EEC

This JRC report summarises and distils a series of investigations on the technical feasibility to testing compliance of tableware to potential lower limits for the release of metals. It investigated different protocols for articles ranging from tableware ,bakeware to crystalware, and for testing the rim of decorated wares. It also evaluated the performance of analytical methods for the quantification of a range of metals. The work provides scientific evidence needed in support of future risk management initiatives to ensure the safety of ceramics and crystal in the EU while fostering the EU single market.