We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
In 2011 the Joint Research Centre of the European Commission (EC-JRC) published the International Reference Life Cycle Data System (ILCD) Handbook recommendations on the use of Impact Assessment models for use in LCA (EC-JRC 2011). This created the basis for the Product and Organisation Environmental Footprint (PEF/OEF) recommendations for impact categories and models as per Recommendation 2013/179/EU on the use of common models to measure and communicate the life cycle environmental performance of products and organisations (EC 2013b). This Commission Recommendation is expected to contribute to the Building the Single Market for Green Products (EC 2013a) by supporting a level playing field regarding the measurement of environmental performance of products and organizations. The selection of LCIA models for the ILCD Handbook recommendations in 2011 was based on an assessment framework and related requirements and was limited to models available up to the year 2008. Between 2008 and 2016 a number of LCIA models have been published in scientific journals for several impact categories, with increased level of complexity, resolution and geographic coverage in comparison to the models available in 2008. The present report illustrates the assessment of available models in order to update the recommendations for the impact categories covering impacts due to resource use, land use, water use and particulate matter.