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The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
Autonomous vehicles (AVs) technology is still under development and appropriate legislative safeguards must be established to regulate the placing on the market of such vehicles and ensuring proper road-users safety. Given the pace of technological development in that field, a very fast response is needed to ensure that automated vehicles are safe and that this safety is properly assessed/demonstrated by manufacturers or/and public authorities. Many different approaches for assessing the safety of AVs are being considered in the European Union and worldwide by governments, industry and other stakeholders. The present report summarises the outcomes of a literature review and analysis of different approaches considered for AVs safety assessment that were discussed during the 1st Technical Workshop on New Approaches for Automated Vehicle Certification, co-chaired by the European Commission’s Joint Research Centre (JRC) and Directorate-General for Internal Market, Industry, Entrepreneurship and SMEs (DG GROW) on November 22nd 2018 in Brussels. The workshop gathered together a group of experts on AV active safety verification, to discuss the state of play in the field, which are the different merits/limits of the different methodologies and the way forward. Preliminary analysis and considerations suggested the complementarity of the considered approaches, both in terms of readiness and perspective. Further research and stakeholders’ collaboration will be needed to elaborate on a possible harmonised approach.