We are doing science for policy
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) is the European Commission's science and knowledge service which employs scientists to carry out research in order to provide independent scientific advice and support to EU policy.
The social integration and inclusion of Roma has been the object of increasing political attention of the EU in particular since the enlargements of 2004 and 2007. The start of the Decade for Roma inclusion in 2005 marked the beginning of a coordinated effort by national authorities, international organisations and civil society to address the issue through policy action and support to projects in support of Roma communities. In 2011 amid the recession it became clear that tackling social marginalisation and exclusion of Roma is not only a moral obligation based on fundamental EU values, but also an economic imperative that offers promising long-term benefits for aging European societies. In the spirit of this, the EU adopted a Framework for National Roma Integration Strategies, requiring Member States to submit national Roma integration strategies for the period up to 2020. The purpose of this meta-analysis is to establish a consolidated view of the outcomes of evaluations conducted and completed in the past, so as to condense knowledge on what works, what does not and why. The outcome of the meta-analysis identifies : • Measures and projects with a measurable positive outcome; • The key elements of the projects and measures that are working, and outline reasons for failure • Contextual and other factors that might promote/hinder the success of Roma integration measures in the EU; (for instance: characteristics of the target group, socio-economic context; roles and features of agents of the projects; working methods etc) • Recommendations for the design of future Roma integration interventions (including improvement of evaluating interventions, data needs etc.)