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Implementing an EU system of accounting for ecosystems and their services. Initial proposals for the implementation of ecosystem services accounts (Report under phase 2 of the knowledge innovation project on an integrated system of natural capital and eco

Abstract: 
The Knowledge Innovation Project on an Integrated system of Natural Capital and ecosystem services Accounting (KIP INCA) aims to work in line with the UN System of Environmental-Economic Accounting- Experimental Ecosystem Accounts (SEEA EEA) and also to propose how the approaches to accounting can be further developed based on experience in the EU. The Technical Recommendations of SEEA EEA make proposals on how to develop accounting tables of ecosystem extent, asset, condition and service supply and use. This report outlines initial proposal for the service supply and use tables that will be produced by KIP INCA. JRC is the main organization responsible for the development of this set of accounts but it will collaborate closely with the other KIP partners. In particular, accounts will be developed for provisioning ecosystem services (arable cropping, marine fish, outdoor animal husbandry, timber and water), regulating and maintenance services (crop pollination, erosion control, water purification, air purification, global climate regulation and flood control) and cultural services (outdoor recreation). A detailed fact sheet with the description of each ecosystem service is also included in this report. The SEEA EEA proposes that the stocks in ecosystem accounts are represented by spatial areas, which constitute ecosystem assets. Drivers of change, such as land conversions and land management practises, alter the structure and processes within ecosystems and the functional characteristics of these ecosystem assets. A special section of this report reviews and compares a number of land cover datasets and discuss about the implications of dataset uncertainty on ecosystem service accounts. KIP INCA will apply and critically test the SEEA EEA framework. The work and experience of KIP INCA will be an essential contribution to the further development of the SEEA EEA during its current experimental phase.