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Impact of animal breeding on GHG emissions and farm economics

Abstract: 

This report reviews the existing evidence regarding the current and potential use of animal breeding to reduce GHG emissions. It also comments on the likely impact of breeding on farm economics, identifies barriers to achieving GHG reductions via breeding and highlights some future research needs. The report focuses on the following livestock commodities within the EU-28: cattle meat, cattle milk, pigmeat, chicken meat and hen’s eggs. Together these account for approximately 95% of the emissions from European livestock (measured from cradle to farm gate, i.e. including on-farm emissions plus emissions arising pre-farm from the production of inputs such as feed, fertiliser and fuel).