EU Science Hub

MARS Bulletin Vol. 20, No 9

Very high temperatures and scarce rainfall characterised the weather conditions in South and South-East Europe until end of August before a more seasonal temperature regime established in September. The hot spell continued to be coupled with scarce rainfall and led again to decrease summer crops yields in the affected countries compared to the last Bulletin. In general weather conditions were more favourable in central and western Europe providing average growing conditions for summer crops. Some concerns due to overly wet soils remain for the British Isles. Grain maize yield at EU 27 level is revised down since our last Bulletin (-3.7 %). In comparison to 2011, grain maize yields are projected to be -20 % lower due to sharp yield decreases in Hungary, Bulgaria, Romania and Italy. Potato, sugar beet and sunflower yields at EU 27 level are kept stable compared to our last Bulletin. Since the harvest of winter cereals throughout Europe is almost finished and apart from the British Isles no adverse conditions were encountered during the harvesting period our forecasts from August are confirmed as the crop model simulations are at the end of the growing period.