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Energy efficiency and GHG emissions: Prospective scenarios for the pulp and paper industry

Abstract: 
This study analyses the role of technology innovation in the European pulp and paper industry from 2015 to 2050. The baseline scenario describes a decrease in energy consumption and GHG emissions by 14% and 63%, respectively, in a context in which the demand grows by 7%. Without the technological improvement the respective variations would register an increase of 1% and 5%. Unlike the biorefineries concept, the carbon capture and storage technology does not become cost effective; although higher CO2 prices and rewarding the bio-CO2 captured could turn the industry into a carbon sink.
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