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Atmospheric monitoring and inverse modelling for verification of greenhouse gas inventories

The Paris Agreement requires accurate accounting of greenhouse gases (GHGs) by all countries. Complementary to bottom-up emission inventories, global, regional and national GHG emissions can be estimated using atmospheric measurements and atmospheric models (the "top-down" approach). This report provides an overview of current capabilities, potential, and further perspectives to use the "top-down" approach to evaluate and improve estimates of greenhouse gas emissions in support of the Paris Agreement.