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Radiation Protection organization in radioactive waste management at the Joint Research Centre of Ispra

Abstract: 
The Joint Research Centre of Ispra, one of the research Sites belonging to the European Commission, Directorate General JRC, was created in the late ¿50s, in order to steer European research on nuclear industry. It hosts numerous nuclear facilities, some of which are maintained in operation, while others were shutdown in past years, namely: two research nuclear reactors, hot cells facilities, radiochemical laboratories, one Cyclotron (still in operation), facilities for studies on fissile material (in operation), and some facilities for the treatment and storage of liquid and solid waste (in operation). The JRC accounts for 16 nuclear licences, 14 Controlled Zones and 12 main Surveilled Zones, on its Ispra Site. This paper will discuss the organization which has been developed, during the years, and put in place to guarantee highest safety levels in all radiation work activities at the JRC-Ispra, with an emphasis on radioactive waste management. The present strategy for waste management at the JRC will be briefly discussed, and its major facilities will be introduced in detail. Processes discussed will include: 1. Decontamination of surfaces via Abrasive Blasting Unit (ABU) 2. Measurements of materials in the Material Clearance Facility (MCF) 3. Radiological characterisation of waste (active and passive, XDRS and WCF) 4. Radioactive transports and accountancy 5. Interim storage at the JRC