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Chapter 4.2: Disaster loss data in the European Union

The primary goal of disaster risk management is to minimize future disaster losses and create resilient societies and economies. For weather related hazards, this is also a goal of climate change adaptation. To make informed decisions on cost and benefit of such measures, advanced science and effective risk-aware policy need to go hand in hand. Both science and policy need accurate loss and damage information as an evidence base. Loss and damage data are not only relevant at national level (for monitoring aggregate national risk), but also at local government level (for implementing measures). However, such data is currently only partially in the EU. While it is currently still not possible to give accurate loss data statistics for the EU, a lot of progress has been made in the past few years to establish national processes to build better loss databases, not least because of the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction. This chapter describes the current state of the art and future prospects.