BIM, short for Building Information Modelling, is a digital tool disrupting the construction industry as a platform for central integrated design, modelling, asset planning running and cooperation. It provides all stakeholders with a digital representation of a building's characteristics in its whole life-cycle and thereby holds out the promise of large efficiency gains.
One particular area where standardisation on BIM is needed is the exchange of information between software applications used in the construction industry. The leading organisation in this domain is buldingSMART which has developed and maintains Industry Foundation Classes (IFCs) as a neutral and open specification for BIM data model. Other standardisation work include data dictionaries (International Framework for Dictionaries Libraries) and processes (data delivery manuals).
ISO/TC 59/SC 13 "Organization of information about construction works", a subcommittee of the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) on the worldwide and CEN/TC 442 "Building Information Modelling", a technical committee of European Committee for Standardisation (CEN) on the European level develop and maintain standards in the BIM domain. Liaisons with a plethora of different institutions ensure the completeness and inclusiveness of the process as well as the smooth acceptance of adopted standards.
Although BIM was originally devised for buildings the benefits such as less rework, fewer errors, enhanced collaboration, and design data that can ultimately be used to support operations, maintenance, and asset management mad it an attractive option also for infrastructure projects. As geographic information system (GIS) is a key element in any infrastructure project there is the need to integrate BIM and GIS. Both technologies use standard and open data formats, but they are different and presently there is no direct translation.