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The nuclear fuel cycle objectives are drawn from many sources, including the conclusions of major international conferences on different stages and aspects of nuclear fuel cycles, many of which are held in cooperation with the IAEA. Experts from various Member States provided advice to the IAEA through a number of consultants meetings and Technical Working Groups (TWGs), such as the TWGs on Nuclear Fuel Performance and Technology, on Nuclear Fuel Cycle Options and Spent Fuel Management, and on Research Reactors, and through the OECD/NEA–IAEA Uranium Group. The IAEA’s International Project on Innovative Nuclear Reactors and Fuel Cycles (INPRO) is another important source of guidance.