Genomics in marine monitoring: new opportunities for assessing marine health status

Abstract: 

This viewpoint paper explores the potential of genomics technology to provide accurate, rapid, and cost efficient observations of the marine environment. The use of such approaches in next generation marine monitoring programs will help achieve the goals of marine legislation implemented world-wide. Genomic methods can yield faster results from monitoring, easier and more reliable taxonomic identification, as well as quicker and better assessment of the environmental status of marine waters. A summary of genomic methods that are ready or show high potential for integration into existing monitoring programs is provided (e.g. qPCR, SNP based methods, DNA barcoding, microarrays, metagenetics, metagenomics, transcriptomics). These approaches are mapped to existing indicators and descriptors and a series of case studies is presented to assess the cost and added value of these molecular techniques in comparison with traditional monitoring systems. Finally, guidelines and recommendations are suggested for how such methods can enter marine monitoring programs in a standardized manner.

Authors
Authors: 
GILBERT Jack, FIELD Dawn, BENZIE John, OBST Matthias, BOURLAT Sarah J., TAYLOR Martin I., RODRIGUEZ-EZPELETA Naiara, BORJA Angel, BEAN Tim P., GRIFFITH John, LETTIERI Teresa, GLOCKNER Frank Oliver, DAVIES Neil, WEISBERG Stephen B., FAITH Daniel P
Publication Year
Publication Year: 
2013
Type

Type:

Appears in Collections
Appears in Collections: 
Institute for Environment and Sustainability
JRC Institutes
IES
Publisher
Publisher: 
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
ISSN
ISSN: 
0025-326X
Citation
Citation: 
MARINE POLLUTION BULLETIN p. 13-31 no. 1 vol. 74