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GEMA2: Geometrical Matching Analytical Algorithm for Fast Mobile Robots Global Self-Localization

Abstract: 
This paper presents a new algorithm for fast mobile robot self-localization in structured indoor environments based on geometrical and analytical matching, GEMA2. The proposed method takes advantage of the available structural information to perform a geometrical matching with the environment information provided by measurements collected by a laser rangefinder. In contrast to other global self-localization algorithms like Monte Carlo or SLAM, GEMA2 provides a linear cost with respect the number of measures collected, making it suitable for resource-constrained embedded systems. The proposed approach has been implemented and tested in a mobile robot with limited computational resources showing a fast converge from global self-localization.