A failed 2016 rainy season linked to the climate phenomenon La Niña, combined with exceptionally warm sea surface temperatures in the western Pacific and eastern Indian Oceans, have led to extreme drought in the Horn of Africa and a more intense drought than that of 2010 in Somalia. These extreme weather conditions, combined with factors including high food prices, trade disruption, population displacement and insecurity, are likely to have a very severe impact on the food security of millions of people in the coming months.
New standards on resources and emissions will help national authorities across the EU to lower the environmental impact of around 20 000 large poultry and pig farms. The new specifications stem from the review of the Best Available Techniques (BAT) Reference Document for the intensive rearing of poultry and pigs (IRPP), the so-called IRPP BREF, whose conclusions were published on 21 February 2017 in the Official Journal of the EU.
The JRC has carried out a study of available knowledge on the replacement, reduction and refinement (the 3Rs) of animal procedures used in research and testing to understand how supply of such knowledge can better meet demand. Findings show that although much 3Rs knowledge exists, its sharing can be improved through better coordination, communication and outreach, and by more emphasis on targeted education and training initiatives.
JRC scientists evaluated sources of air pollutants in the Danube macro-region, a necessary step for the design of action plans to improve air quality. The study showed residential heating contributed up to 35% of PM2.5 pollution in the main cities in the Danube macro-region, followed by agriculture (up to 32%), energy production and industry (up to 30%) and transport (up to 25%).
The Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the National Centre for Nuclear Research (NCBJ) of Poland signed today a collaboration agreement focusing on nuclear material research, security, and medical applications.
The Collaboration Agreement will be of mutual benefit for both organisations and allows developing synergies in different areas of nuclear research. It will support fostering JRC scientific excellence by pursuing common research and implementing the JRC Education and Training strategy. In addition, the agreement opens JRC's research infrastructure to external scientific use.