As the science and knowledge service of the European Commission, the Joint Research Centre's mission is to support EU policies with independent evidence throughout the whole policy cycle.
As of this summer all marine accidents involving Member States ships or occurring in territorial waters of an EU country will be registered in the European Marine Casualty Information Platform (EMCIP) system, jointly developed by the Joint Research Centre (JRC) and the European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA).
EMCIP is an electronic database envisaged by Directive 2009/18/EC on governing the investigation of accidents in the maritime transport sector. The database allows for the storage, exchange and analysis of data on marine casualties and incidents. The shared use of those data will further develop the accident investigation capabilities of Member States and contribute to improve maritime safety and the prevention of pollution by ships.
As of 17 June 2011 - deadline for the transposition of the Directive into national legislations - Member States are obliged to have in place independent safety investigative bodies, to investigate very serious marine casualties, to publish investigation reports within 12 months, and to notify marine casualties and incidents via (EMCIP).
The European Maritime Safety Agency (EMSA) in Lisbon, which had the overall responsibility to setup and run the system, was supported by the JRC's Institute for the Protection and Security of the Citizen (IPSC)  for the design, implementation and operation of the database. The EMCIP system is built on top of the ECCAIRS Common Framework (ECF), a software platform developed by the JRC, which is being deployed for aviation authorities, aviation investigation bodies and international organisations world-wide. The ECF part of the EMCIP reporting system allows for the analysis of the stored information using tools and methods already applied in the aviation community.
From now on the European aviation and maritime sectors are sharing the same basic software platform developed by the JRC for their reporting system applications.